A floor plan is one of the most important tools of the trade! Knowing how to produce a floor plan, helps you to accurately design and furnish a space.
Without one, it?s very tricky to identify what the best placement of furniture will be and which size will fit best within the room. Sure you can make a guess-timate but nothing beats accuracy when purchasing big ticket items such as sofas, chairs and dining tables etc.
It can become a costly mistake if the items you loved so much in the store don?t fit the proportions of the room as best they could or worse still, can?t even go through the door way or up the stairs! Measuring the space before making any purchases is the best way to ensure a successful outcome and a home that looks amazing!
View our easy to follow step-by-step guide below to learn how to draft your own floor plan and master the art of space planning.
So what does a floor plan show?
A floor plan is a drawing showing a view from above that?s drawn to scale. The information recorded shows the relationships between rooms and other elements within the space such a built-in cabinetry, columns and furniture.
Dimensions are recorded to specify room sizes, lengths and height etc. They are the measured distance between two points e.g. from one wall to another wall or from the wall to a door opening etc.
Step 1. Getting Started.
Gather the tool?s you will need to get started. You will need:
? Measuring Tape
? Paper (graph paper if you feel you can’t sketch straight!)
? A clipboard
? 3 different coloured pens, e.g Red, Blue, Black (for first timers start with a pencil first until you the hang of it in case you need to erase).
Step 2. What to do next.
1. Walk around the room (or rooms) to familiarise yourself with the space.
2. Using the clipboard to lean on, take your black pen and paper and commence sketching the outline of the room. Be sure to leave enough white space around the outside of your sheet of paper to record the dimensions (measurements).
3. Show the following room elements:
– Openings e.g. windows and doors
– Positions of any fixtures i.e. fireplaces, kitchen benches, WC’s.
– Relationships between rooms, and label each.
Step 3. Take your measuring tape and start measuring then record the room dimensions.
As a lot of information is recorded on a floor plan, it helps to use a different colour pen, in this case use a blue pen. Generally you need to note the following information on a plan:
– Wall lengths
– Door openings and widths
– Door openings and widths
– Any other fixed elements within room such a cabinetry, structural columns, fire-places, radiators etc.
TIPS & TRICKS:
- Always measure in millimetres, generally a 1:100 or 1:50 scale is used for a room.
- Measure the longest wall first. If your measuring tape can?t reach the length of the room, place a marker such as a pen or piece of masking tape to mark where the tape measure ends and then continue to measure from that point to the end of the room.
- Record the overall dimension as well as the individual dimensions. It?s quite easy to record something incorrectly by mistake, if you have an overall dimension you can work backwards to figure out what it should be.
- It?s always easier and faster to have someone assist in holding the tape measure. One can read out the dimension while the other notates it on the plan. If measuring by yourself, place the measuring tape on the floor, it is more stable that way.
Step 4. Record Lighting and Electrical Information.
Using the red pen note the locations for all of the electrical and lighting information. This includes:
– Light switches
– Power outlets
– Wall lights
– Pendant Lights
– Recessed light fittings
– Security systems
– Control panels
– Location of T.V cable
– Metre boards
– Switch boards.
Step 5. Sketch?Room?Elevations
Once you have recorded all of the information for your plan view ? it?s time to elevate up and not the heights of things.
– Grab a fresh sheet of paper and black pen (or pencil for first-timers).
– Stand facing the wall you want to measure.
– Draw the image that you see onto the paper (this is an elevation).
– Record the position of the windows and doors etc.
– Draw a dimension line to indicate the heights of the following:
* Ceiling height
* Underside of cornice
* Door Heights
* Window Heights
* Skirting Heights
* Built in Furniture Heights
Step 6. Take photographs or a video of the rooms to refer to later.
It?s always good to have a memory prompt.
Step 7. Draw your Floor Plan to Scale!
Not that you have gathered all of the information needed, draw the space to scale using a scale ruler and graph paper, as mentioned previously if drawing up your whole house plan, stick to a scale of 1:100 or 1:50 for a room and 1:20 for an elevation.
TIP: Note the longest dimensions of the floor plan first and work inwards from there to record walls with door and window openings. Make sure you leave enough space to record all of the dimensions.
Step 8. Furniture Placement
So once you have your floor plans draw to scale you will be able to see how to place furniture and what sizes will work best.
If you have already furniture in mind, draw the items to scale on graph paper too. Then cut them out and overlay them on the plan. This will allow you move the pieces around freely and re-position them to see if they will fit in the location you desire.Once you have completed these steps you will have all the information you need to create a comfortable functional home that looks superb and can be enjoyed for years to come! Happy planning!
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